Black fungus is also known as Mucormycosis, is a rare but dangerous infection and It’s caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes, it e affects the human body sinuses, lungs, skin, and brain. You can inhale the mold spores or come into contact with them in things like rotting produce or soil, bread, or compost piles.
Formation of Black Fungus:
In India all over 200 cases are announced who are effected by fungal infection which is black fungus.
Presently India is suffering from the second wave of covid 19 pandemic situation, here another newly created black fungus joins with covid-19 which may lead to a high risk to control.
As evident from hospitals across the country, cases of a mysterious infection, “black fungus” affecting COVID patients is rising across states in India and causing many more complications.
Effects and symptoms of black fungus:
Facial distortion is the primary feature of the infection. In the most severe cases, the infection can result in the growth of black patches around the eyes, nose. In some cases, sporadic growth of the fungal infection can lead a person to lose his or her teeth or jaws.
Since the fungal infection is known to make its way to the brain upon inhalation, doctors warn that critical symptoms like delirium, memory loss, neurological impairment, the altered mental state could be signs that a patient needs attention.
Swelling, local pain on the cheekbone, or experiencing one-sided facial pain or sort of numbness could also be primary markers of the infection right now.
Apart from swelling, the fungal infection could also affect skin health and give rise to multiple lesions, necrosis like symptoms.
Changes to the eyes or vision distortion could also be warning signs of the infection spreading, experts warn and As the black fungi grow and spread and vision can be distorted as well.
Some people may also experience a sort of swelling in one eye, have hazy or poor vision, or develop bloodshot eyes.
The fungal infection could be primarily harmful when a patient inhales the fungal moulds and attacks the sinus cavities and nerves. This, in turn, causes a person to experience symptoms like persistent pain and headaches.
- While it is treated with antifungals, mucormycosis may eventually require surgery and Doctors have said that it is of utmost importance to control diabetes, reduce steroid use, and discontinue immunomodulating drugs.
- The treatment includes the infusion of normal saline (IV) before infusion of amphotericin B and antifungal therapy for at least 4-6 weeks to maintain adequate systemic hydration.
- Experts in the task force have stressed the need to control hyperglycemia, monitor blood glucose level after discharge following Covid-19 treatment, and diabetics. One should use steroids judiciously — correct timing, correct dose and duration are important.
- Management of Covid patients with mucormycosis involves microbiologists, internal medicine specialists, intensivist neurologists, ENT specialists, ophthalmologists, dentists, surgeons (maxillofacial/plastic) and others.
is Black fungus really serious?
of course, some of people might leads to lose of Eyes, and Sinus problem, severe headache and more.
Is there any Treatment for Black fungus?
There are types of treatment according to the severity of person suffering from black fungus disease readmore.