The hardest substance that we find in the human body is TEETH. plays an important role in speech, besides being essential for chewing.
It is used for breakdown items of food into small pieces prepared for swallowing and digesting the human teeth are of four types they are
The mouth lined with the moist mucous membranes these membranes covered the roof of the mouth is called the PALATE.
The front pat in the mouth consists of a bony portion called the hard palate this had palate divides the mouth and the nasal cavity the fresh rare parts is called the soft palate.
This is formed a curtain between the mouth and the throat or pharynx, to the rare.
when we swallow the food the soft palate closes off the nasal passages from the throat to prevent food from entering the nose the salivary glands help in chewing the food which is at the walls and floor of the mouth.
The saliva moistens the food and helps them to make it into smaller pieces this saliva makes it easier to chew and swallow food easily it also contains enzymes which help in the digestion of the food the humans are DIPHYODONT (dy_FY_uh_dant).
It means they develop two sets of teeth, in the first set are 20 deciduous that teeth are also called milk, the primary, temporary, or the baby teeth.
They help to develop before birth and begin to fall out when the child is about 6 years old they will be replaced and set by 32 permanent teeth which are called the secondary or adult teeth.
Dental or oral health is an essential part of your overall health the poor oral health can cause dental problems and gum diseases and these may also link to heart disease, cancers, etc
According to the WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, most of the school children around 60 to 90 percent has at least one DENTAL CAVITY.
Almost nearly 100 percent of the adults have at least one DENTAL CAVITY between 15 to 20 percent of adults ages 35 to 44 have SEVERE GUM DISEASE. about 30 percent of the people across the world ages 65 to 74 do not have the natural teeth left,
In most of the counties the 100,000 people there are been 1 to 10 cases of ORAL CANCER
the burden of oral disease is much higher in the poor or disadvantaged population groups
there are many steps to keep our teeth healthy
- Brush the teeth with the fluoride toothpaste at least 2 times a day
- Flossing our teeth at least once a day
- Drinking a fluoride water
- Seeking professional dental care
- Taking a diet with high in fruits and vegetables
- Decreasing intake of sugar
we must not wait until we have symptoms to visit our dentist. go to the dentist twice a year that will help you to no the problem before you even notice any symptoms.
If you experience any of the warning signs of dental issues we must make an appointment to see your dentist as soon as ulcers, sores, or tender areas in the mouth.
that won’t heal after a week or two bleeding or swollen gums after brushing or flossing, loose teeth, receding gums, pain or toothache, chronic bad breath, the clicking of jaws, frequent dry mouth, cracked or broken teeth.
If any of these symptoms are accompanied by a high fever and facial or neck swelling, you should visit a doctor immediately or have a medical treatment
THE LINK BETWEEN ORAL AND GENERAL HEALTH:
Oral health has risen the importance in recent years the researchers have discovered the connection between declining oral health and underlying systemic conditions this get turns out that a healthy mouth can help you or maintain a healthy body the mayo clinic oral bacteria and inflammation will be associated with
- Heart disease
- Endocarditis or inflammation of the lining of the heart
- Premature birth
- Low birth weight
Bacteria can be spread from the oral cavity to our bloodstreams causing infective endocarditis, the infective endocarditis is the life-threatening infection of your heart valves,
your dentist will suggest you the antibiotics as a preventive measure before they perform any dental procedure that will dislodge bacteria in your mouth
we know that everyone takes good care of their own teeth, but also we need to clean our teeth twice a day and visit the dentist. there are many preventions that can be taken
- FLUORIDE TREATMENTS
Cleaning of mouth can get rid of any plaque which may be missed while brushing and flossing,
It also helps to remove the tarter, the daily cleaning of mouth helps dental hygiene after removal of the tartar from your teeth the hygienist will use a high power toothbrush to clean your teeth this is followed by flossing
Rinsing to wash out any debris this type of cleaning can also be known as scaling and root planning,
It removes the tartar from above gums and below gumlines that can’t be reached in routine cleaning.
If your teeth show the sign of gum infections or having a tooth absence which had spread to the other teeth or your jaw your dentist may prescribe antibiotics to help get rid of the infection
The antibiotics may be in the form of mouth rinse, gel, oral tablet or capsule, topical antibiotics gel will also be applied to the teeth or gums during the surgical procedures.
This type of dental cleaning or your dentist will apply a fluoride treatment that helps fight off cavities.
the Flouride is a naturally occurring mineral this helps to strengthen the enamel of the tooth and makes them remove resilient to bacteria and acid.
We can say that your teeth are most important in our daily activity, so must give utmost care to our teeth.
IF WE TAKE CARE OF OUR TEETH – THEY WILL HELP TO TAKE CARE OF YOU.
Article By Madhuri Rao.
Also, Check out How to control Hiccups Article